No.: G 209
Date Range: Late Cypriote II (ca. 1450-1200 BC), White Slip II
H. 15cm
Material: Pottery
Provenance: “Cyprus”, bought 1940

  • Tankard. White Slip Ware
  • Tankard. White Slip Ware
  • Tankard. White Slip Ware
  • Tankard. White Slip Ware
  • Tankard. White Slip Ware
  • Tankard. White Slip Ware

This jar or tankard has a short belly and a high, very broad, concave neck with an expansive mouth. A vertical strap handle combines the mouth rim with the shoulder. Further the vessel has a foot rim, which is partly restored. Modern restoration can be found also at the handle at the rim. The surface is probably damaged through restoration, the painting vanished due to removal of the surface, where chalky depositions are visible. At the neck, at the mouth rim and at the interior of the vessel even more red depositions can be found.
The grey sherd is covered with a bright, matt sludge and decorated with brown, matt ornaments.
At the shoulder, belly and neck rhombs are applied horizontally and vertically. The handle and the mouth rim as well as the base are decorated with lines and ribbons.
The White Slip Ware belongs like the Base Ring Ware to the dominating ceramic types of late Bronze age at Cyprus. (1450-1050 BC) Characteristic types were the milk bowl, which was provided with a wishbone handle, as well as the jar or tankard.
The vessels have a firm, waterproof, dark sherd as well as a bright coating. The function of the vessels was to carry liquids: the milk bowl as well as the tankard which were used for water or wine. The handle is shaped like a fish and it is assumed that this shape facilitated the outpouring by putting the thumb to the edge. Through this way the pouring out of the liquids could be controlled easily.  This can also be compared with the modern beer jug lid.
Similar forms can be observed with the contemporaneously Base Ring Ware. The painting is matt-brown and the patterns consist of parallel lines and rhombs, which are cancellated. Scientists say that the decoration derives from embroidery or leather.  This kind of ware was very popular as tableware even outside of Cyprus and can be found in the Levant, Egypt and the Aegean.

(G.K.)

Bibliography

CVA  Italia, Regio Museo Archeologico di Firenze (1) Taf. 4, 5
V. Karageorghis, L' art Chypriote antique au Musée de la Fondation Piéridés / Antike Kunst auf Zypern im Museum der Pierides-Stiftung  (Larnaca 1985) Kat. 110
Ch. Souyoudzoglou-Haywood, Cypriot antiquities in Dublin: the collections of the National Museum of Ireland and University College Dublin (Nicosia 2004) Kat. 59

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