No. D 86
Date Range: 2nd-3rd century AD
Material: reduced-scale marble copy of a chryselephantine sculpure of Athena Parthenos, by Phidias
H. 1,05m
Collection: Athens, National Archaeological Museum

  • Gesamtansicht der Athena
  • Seitenansicht von links
  • Schildinnenseite mit Burgschlange

The so-called Varvakeion Statuette, named after the place of its discovery, is a reduced-scale copie of the colossal cult sculpture of Athena Parthenos, standing in her temple on the Acropolis and was made by the sculptor Phidias. Over the schoulder there is an Aegis with the head of Medusa on it. According to the legend the observer of Medusa´s head was immediately turned into a stone. The head of Medusa is also displayed in the middle of the exterior side of Athenas shield. On the interior side of it, a serpent is looping. This serpent, who is supposed to protect the city of Athens, is the personification of Erichthonius, the mythical king of Athens.

(M.I.)

Bibliography

W. Fuchs, Die Skulptur der Griechen4 (München 1993) 191-194 Abb. 205
H.-K. Lücke - S. Lücke, Die Götter der Griechen und Römer (Wiesbaden 2007) 40-47
G. Nick, Die Athena Parthenos. Studien zum griechischen Kultbild und seiner Rezeption (Mainz 2002) 172

Collections > Permanent Exhibition > Cast Collection > Roman Casts > Athena. Statuette