No. G 126
Date Range: late 1st to mid 3rd century AD
L. 10,2 cm; W. 7,1 cm; H. 3,4 cm
Material: sandy clay, orange colored, red-orange coat
Description: Type Loeschke X (Form B) and Buchi Xa; 2 lugs, 2 vents
Bottom: OCTAVI, surrounded by 2 circular lines
Provenance: unknown
Published in Poelt 1994, Kat. Nr. 16

  • Lamp type "Firmalampe"
  • Lamp type "Firmalampe" view from above
  • Lamp type "Firmalampe" bottom view

Lamps as grave goods came from the Italian region. The light of the oil lamp should guide the deceased into the afterworld. The application of clay lamps as piece of grave furniture can be an evidence for the degree of Romanization. In dwellings these lamps were used to lighten up the rooms. They were filled with olive oil. The lamps were originally imported from Italy, but with increasing demand they were also manufactured in the provinces. The name "Firmalampe" derives from the name of the manufacturer, which was applied on the bottom. The manufacturer Octavius originated from the upper-Italian region. Lamps with his stamp are preserved from the time between the late AD 1st to the mid 3rd century.

(S.L.)

Bibliography

E. Alram-Stern, Die römischen Lampen aus Carnuntum, RLÖ– 35 (Wien 1989)
D. Poelt, Die antiken Tonlampen aus der Sammlung des Instituts für Klassische Archäologie an der Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz (Dipl. Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz 1994)

Collections > Permanent Exhibition > Original Artifacts > Original Roman Artifacts > Lamp type Firmalampe