The ancient Greeks are in general famous for their artistic, philosophical and literary works, but they are also known for their armed conflicts among each other as well as with other nations. Mythology serves as a good example to illustrate this fact. In Greek myths numerous heroes have to prove through mortal fights their courage and bravery in order to achieve immortality.
Already in archaic times several depictions of heroes emerge on vases, reliefs and sculptures. The Greeks show a preference concerning the twelve labours of Herakles as well as for the heroic adventures of the attic heroes Theseus and Perseus.
These heroes appear in connection with mythical figures like centaurs, amazons and giants.
In archaic and classic times the fight for Troy was a very popular motive. In many cases these heroes were accompanied by Gods, who also act in figurative representation as their guardians.
(N.G. - S.R. - U.T.)