For the Greeks athletics was an important part of everyday life. As early as the 5th century BC you can find the term gymnasion (nude exercises), which today is associated with the term physical education. The contests were based on moral values in which ambition and physical performance played an important role. On the one hand the winners could gain fame and honor and on the other hand they could obtain material prizes. Sports also became present in the Greek art, because of its enormous popularity among the citizens. Today we can find sculptures and images on vessels as well as reliefs of discus throwers, boxers, charioteers and others.
(K.B. - A.M. - R.M.)